Rearing the snails
In recent years the interest in the development of snail farming industry inGreecehas been increased. This interest stems from the general need to engage in innovative investments, so as to produce products that will find a reach in market outlet at satisfactory prices.
We should bear in mind that any investment in livestock production needs to be done in specific terms and conditions, so as to produce a functionally defined and viable financial venture.
At this wavelength belongs the rearing of the snails.
Intensive - Controlled rearing
The production model of snail farming is the one of intensive - controlled rearing, where the space of production is the nethouse - steel structures, which are organized internally in parks fenced with electrified films, consisting of wooden sheds and plastic feeders. The unit is considered to be suitable for all stages of production, with some minor variations accordingly to stage and season.
The breeding begins in March and lasts until November. During the winter period the production process stops due to low temperatures.
Specifically inside the nethouse occur three main production stages:
- The reproduction,
- the first, second and final fattening
- management of genetic material
The basic principles of the process is the control of reproduction, the feeding of the animals with artificial diet (which is made from corn, soybeans, wheat, barley, bran, carbonate calcium and the adding of trace elements), and the creation of the appropriate conditions of humidity (misting system) , temperature and shading.
Caution: In no case are used food by-products and antibiotics.
This method of production, leads us, within four months of reproduction, to have the final product ready for sale.
The productivity of a plant of rearing snails, is calculated per acre of the nethouse and can reach 7 tones per year.
The enemies of the snails in nature are the vertebrates such as mice, weasels, ravens, and invertebrates such as Diptera, Coleoptera. Under conditions of controlled rearing the correct standards of the facilities and the proper management, protect snails from the predators. Parasites such as nematodes and mites can infect snails. These parasites reduce the reproductive capacity of the snails and increase mortality rates, so it is essential for the farmer to respect, all the specific hygiene procedures.